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What are the chances of getting pregnant from precum?

What are the chances of getting pregnant from precum?

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What is precum?

A common but surely important question (What are the chances of getting pregnant from precum?) always remains in our minds during sexual activity. Pre-cum is the reason for pregnancy or not. The short answer to the question in a word is Yes, sometimes. But do we know what it is pre-cum?. Precum is a transparent, clear, colorless, viscous fluid coming from the penis during erection or sexual arousal. It is almost like semen but contains quite a few spermatozoa. These are sperm cells delivering the nucleus with the genetic information from the male to the female's ovum. However, semen may linger in the urethra after ejaculation and mix from precum while on its way out. Precum is a natural lubricant produced by a gland at the base of the penis & released well before ejaculation. The concentration of the active sperm in the precum is quite a specific and not general case.

Moreover, some men are found quite unable to produce precum. In comparison, others are found to emit as much as 5 ML precum or pre-ejaculate fluid. Veritably, most men don't even notice the precum discharge when it happens. More importantly, men do not have any control over it.

The early notion of precum was that it is a part of the ejaculate fluid. Further investigation revealed that most of the ejaculate fluid had dead sperm (or no sperm at all). However, a small amount of precum is often possible to come out from the reproductive system. Also, make its entry into the precum or pre-ejaculate.

1. When does precum occur?

When does precum occur?

What are the chances of getting pregnant from precum, and when does precum occur? This question almost comes to our mind. Precum is a fluid whose secretion is the outcome of involuntary body function. As such, the emission process is impossible to control. Unlike other effective forms of birth control, such as pills or condoms. Precum secretion happens right before ejaculation. The withdrawal (or pull-out method) is not a useful measure for preventing pregnancy. Even if the penis is pulled out right before the climax, precum is still found to enter and exit the partner's vagina. The pre-cm or pre-ejaculatory fluid is secreted by twin structures called 'Cowper's glands. These glands are at the base of the penis.

The precum fluid lubricates the urethra and facilitates semen flow during ejaculation. Precum starts to come out during sexual arousal when the penis gets erect. Remember that a sexual affair is not indispensable to initiating the secretion of precum, but it will continue during sexual activity. Some are found to release more precum fluid than others.

In one study conducted in 2008, it was found that 18% among the couples. Those who adopt the withdrawal method (to prevent pregnancy) will invite unintended pregnancy within a year. Precum is that it neutralizes the acidic nature of the male's urethra to aid the sperm in traveling smoothly. Further, the precum neutralizes acidity in the woman's vagina so that sperm can survive. Pre-cum even acts as a coagulant for semen and a lubricant to aid penetration.

2. Factors responsible for pregnancy

Factors responsible for pregnancy

Pregnancy is a particular state of the woman's body. The female reproductive organs are incubating and develop an embryo or fetus. Pregnancy is the outcome of the merger of male and female sex cells. That results from fertilization of the ovum by the sperm—an active carrier of male cells. There are a lot of factors that act behind pregnancy, which are :


  • The couple desiring pregnancy must sexually meet at the right time of the female partner's menstrual cycle, following a regular pattern.
  • The pregnant woman must ovulate around two weeks before the period. Ovulation is the process that usually happens once in every menstrual cycle when hormone changes trigger an ovary to release eggs. Pregnancy becomes possible when the sperm ejaculated by the male partner fertilizes an egg. Ovulation usually happens 12—16 days before the next period starts.
  • To ensure pregnancy, both the male and the female partners must possess fertility. In this connection, A couple deprived of productivity has the same feeling of love and romance. They enjoy the same pleasure and comfort in sexual affairs (like those possessing fertility). Whether a male or a female partner lacks richness or not can only be detected by a medical test.
  • Age is another factor determining pregnancy. As women age, fertility declines. In general, the most fertile period for women is around the 20s; after the 30s, fertility declines in the case of women. And fertility hits the bottom line beyond 40.
  • Regarding the male partners producing and releasing sperms (with semen) during intercourse, age also plays a dominant role. In the case of males, sperm production starts when puberty is attained, usually within the age range of 11—15 years. Therefore, sperm production can vary by several years from person to person. Live sperm cells produced in the testicles consist of only 3%--5% of the ejaculated fluids.

3. Is It Possible to Chances of getting pregnant with precum?

Is It Possible to Chances of getting pregnant with precum?

Pre-cum or pre-ejaculatory fluid comes out before ejaculation during intercourse. Only precum by itself cannot cause pregnancy because semen is absent in the liquid. However, sometimes the situation may arise when sperm may leak out before ejaculation and mix with the precum odds making the pregnancy inevitable. Experience suggests that many women all over the globe have become pregnant from precum as the chances of getting pregnant from precum odds are bright, which, however, cannot be ruled out. Although, some people believe that precum does not include any sperm and hence no risk lies concerning unintended pregnancy.

But this is far from reality. In a research study conducted in 2016, it was revealed that among 17% of the male participants, mobile sperm was detected in the precum. In another study published in 2011, among 37% of precum samples, mobile sperm was detected. Whatsoever, peeing before enjoying sex may help to flush out any leftover semen. Thus reducing the chance of sperm appearing in a man's precum.

Another question may arise regarding whether pregnancy is possible from precum even when one is not ovulating. Sperm can live inside the male body for as long as five days. Ovulation occurs during the middle of the menstrual cycle. Typically 14 days before the next period starts. Since the sperm has five days lifetime inside the body of the male adults, suppose the sexual affair is continued regularly for five days before and on the day of ovulation (known as a fertile window). There is a higher chance of pregnancy occurring. But people with irregular periods will face the problem of detecting the right time when they will ovulate. Pregnancy is possible from precum under certain conditions:

  • Most of the fertile days during ovulation were noticed in the case of the female partner.
  • As a prevention against pregnancy, only the 'pull out' or 'withdrawal method' was followed.
  • Ejaculation was already made by the male partner previously. And in the 2nd or 3rd or more rounds of intercourse (even without ejaculation), pregnancy is possible from precum. On account of this fact, precum stands as one reason for using condoms, given the reluctance of the couple to have a baby for the time being. Additionally, there also lies the risk of sexually transmitted diseases being carried through bodily fluids. This makes the use of condoms indispensable.

4. Some Related Questions about what are the chances of getting pregnant from precum:

There are a lot of circumstances regarding sexual intercourse and the consequence that deluge people in general with many questions and curiosities. Here are some brief outlines.

4.1) Is pregnancy possible without penetration?

In western countries where free sex is allowed, it concerns the youth. Who usually enjoy sex without inviting the trouble of pregnancy. They wish to enjoy sex until marriage and are looking to be intimate with their partners in some way or another. Pregnancy is not possible without penetration. However, if ejaculate fluid or semen comes in contact with the vagina even without penetration. The sperm can pass through the corridor of the vagina and consequently fertilize an egg. Although it is an extremely rare case, a bit is not impossible. It is, therefore, safe to use a condom before coming in contact with the partner.

4.2) Is pregnancy possible while grinding?

Grinding is another form of enjoying sex without penetration. Grinding can occur in fully dressed attire or underwear, or nude. Seemingly, getting pregnant while grinding is quite impossible. There is, therefore, a negligible chance of conception for the partners, particularly in fully dressed form. Veritably, the chances of conception go up when the grinding occurs between 2 entirely nude partners. When the male partner ejaculates and lands on the thighs or stomach of the female partner. It is possible that fluid could slide close enough to the vaginal entrance and ultimately gain access to the vaginal canal. Such questions and concerns usually arise on the part of teenagers who enjoy sex but at the same time are scared of pregnancy.

4.3) Does precum have sperm cells?

A study revealed the fact that pre-emerged fluid has no sperm cells. It is an accepted fact that the precum by itself may be sperm-free. But there remains a chance that some sperm cells may escape from the male genitalia before ejaculation and consequently mix with precum. Another research study unveiled that the precum or the pre-ejaculatory fluid demonstrated a surprising result. Some males in the study regularly leaked their sperm into the precum or pre-seminal fluid. In comparison, it remains still shrouded in mystery why this leaking occurs.

4.5) Does urine flush out sperm in precum

Urinating before your intercourse can help flush out any remaining semen. If the urination is not performed well, it is also possible for the residual sperm to exist.

4.6) How to confirm whether sperm went inside

If you experience morning sickness and nausea, you can be sure that the sperm is inside. If his penis is inside your vagina and he is not wearing a condom, you can be almost sure that there is sperm. 

4.7) How many drops of sperm are needed to get pregnant?

It only takes one sperm for a woman to fertilize an egg or become pregnant. On average, each time a man ejaculates, they secrete about 100 million sperm, and only one of them can make you pregnant.

4.8) can you get pregnant from precum 3 days before ovulation

The short answer is yesprecum contains sperm and sperm can live 48–72 hours.

5. Conclusive remarks: chances of getting pregnant from precum

5.1) It is difficult to confirm when precum ends and ejaculation begins. According to the current research study conducted by the American Pregnancy Association (Pregnancy care center in Irving, Texas, United States). The pre-seminal fluid does not usually pre-cum contain sperm (except for some clumped or stable sperm). However, it cannot stand as a guarantee against pregnancy occurring. Still, there remains a little chance that sperm can leak out into the precum, increasing the likelihood of pregnancy. What counts most is that only one single sperm is enough to cause pregnancy.

5.2) There has been a lot of debate, heat, and controversy on the appearance of sperm in the precum. So it is safe to use adequate contraceptives and, as such, remain tension-free. Remember that precum may contain a sexually transmitted infection even if it does not contain any sperm. In another study, the precum or pre-emerged fluid from almost all the participants (included in the study) showed no sperm (except a tiny clump of stable sperm in a few cases).

However, the precum or pre-seminal fluid (12 out of 23 HIV-infected individuals) displayed HIV. The implication is that even if one may avoid the risk of unintended pregnancy. The pregnancy is reported to have been either unwanted—i.e., pregnancy occurred when no children or no more children were desired, or the pregnancy is mistimed –i.e., pregnancy occurred earlier than desired. Unintended pregnancy is a core concept used to understand better the population's fertility and the unmet need for contraceptives.

Unintended pregnancy mainly results from not using contraceptives or inconsistent or incorrect use of effective contraceptive methods. Unwanted pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of problems for the mother and the baby. If pregnancy is not well planned, the concerned woman may not be in optimal health for childbearing.

For example:

The woman facing an unintended pregnancy could delay her prenatal care. That may adversely affect the health of the unborn baby. Higher risk awaits in HIV infection. HIV or Human Immuno-deficiency virus can lead to acquired immune deficiency syndrome. If not treated in time. HIV infection, also known as acute retroviral syndrome, is a condition that can develop as early as 2—4 weeks after someone contracts. The initial stage of HIV lasts until the body has created antibodies against the virus. HIV is spread when blood, semen, or vaginal fluids from an infected person enter another person's body, usually through sexual contact. The infection may open the body through a tear in the rectum, vagina, or urethra lining. Most cases of HIV spread in this way. 

So to be on the safe side, it is wise to use an effective contraceptive to prevent unintended pregnancy and killer HIV infection. An effective contraceptive (such as a condom) plays a barrier method halting the possibility of passing on the sexually transmitted disease. Consequently, the partners can remain tension-free about the twin risks of unintended pregnancy and HIV infections. Also, they can happily focus on sexual pleasure to their entire satisfaction.

5.3) Even after taking a preventive approach against pregnancy, chances of getting pregnant from precum remain. Therefore, to get sure regarding pregnancy from precum, a home pregnancy test is suggested. However, regarding the home pregnancy test, some doctors recommend waiting until after the first day of the missed period. The sooner the test is possible, the better it is for the couple regarding pure sexual pleasure and great peace of mind.

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