The prime objective behind losing weight fast (and conversely weight gain) is the same- which is to attain an ideal weight to lead a healthy, active, and disease-free life. The implication is that to achieve a perfect weight, shedding excess body weight is essential for those who are obese and overweight.
Additionally, weight loss should be as fast as possible for those who are obese or severely obese. (By the same logic, a healthy weight gain is needed for those who are underweight. Because health complications arrive for both extremes, be they overweight or underweight. But still, the fact remains that health complications on account of overweight and obesity are more dangerous. Over and above, health problems about overweight and obesity are more common than underweight).
The need to lose weight is, at present, much felt all over the world. In this connection, it must be mentioned that the Australian Institute of Health and Statistics expressed a grave concern (over the existing global health problem of rising overweight and obesity).
Globally, 75% of men and 60% of women living with overweight or obese. 42% of men and 30% of women live with overweight but not obesity. 33% of men and 30% of women are living with obesity. Reportedly, 3.4 million people died all over the world in 2010 only on account of being overweight and obese.
To measure an ideal and healthy weight, researchers commonly use a scale known as BMI (Body Mass Index = W/H2. Where W= weight in kg. And H2= square of height in meters). BMI somewhat provides an excellent indicator to quantify body fitness.
Weight loss is therefore defined as a decrease in body weight (relative to height) which can be attained by shedding mainly excess fat deposit/ excess fluid/ and excess water weight.
Conclusively, any significant deviation from BMI (20-25 indicating an ideal weight), will invite inevitable health risks.
The need for weight loss becomes incumbent given the severe health risks and hazards that arrive later on (if the problem of obesity and overweight is not adequately controlled at the earliest).
The significant health risks and complications must be prevented (through suitable weight loss measures) are stated below.
Being overweight and obese increases blood pressure. And again, high blood pressure is a leading cause of stroke/ shocks/ heart complications.
Research studies reveal the fact that about 90% of people living with diabetes are overweight and obese. Because obesity puts additional pressure on the body’s ability to use insulin (to control blood sugar levels) correctly. And the condition is more likely to develop diabetes.
Consistent evidence is there that increased risks of various types of cancer follow in the wake of overweight and obesity (according to numerous research studies).
Over and above, obese people often have chronic low-level inflammation, which can over time damage DNA leading to cancer. (DNA, i.e. ‘Deoxyribonucleic acid’ is a hereditary material in humans and other organisms).
It occurs mostly among obese people when cartilage (forming small tissues of the skeleton and providing a cushion for the bones) wears away. The disease usually affects the spine/ knees/ hips/ hands with pain and stiffness.
Being overweight and obese also affect gall bladder function. Excess body weight impairs the gall bladder to function correctly, thus increasing the risk of gall bladder diseases.
Obesity causes mechanical changes in the body leading to more abdominal fat in the lungs. Thus obesity could be a risk factor for asthma. Again, asthma could also trigger obesity on account of a decrease in physical activity. However; mounting evidence suggests that obesity precedes asthma. And the correlation between the two is highly significant.
Being overweight and obese can affect lungs physiology. Such patients have reduced lungs volume and elasticity (due to narrowing of peripheral airways). This can interrupt the normal breathing process. More fat (on account of overweight and obesity) can compress the lungs and infiltrate into lungs tissue, decreasing the diameter of airways. Such changes can limit airflow causing dyspepsia (difficulty in breathing)
The patient having the health problem stops breathing for a while during sleep. Among adults, the most common cause of sleep apnea is overweight and obesity (which is linked with the soft tissue of the mouth and the throat).
This is why to cure sleep apnea one has to either lose weight or undergo surgery (to remove excess tissue from the throat). But the operation is risky. Also, it has side effects. This is why weight loss is preferred, and surgery is accepted only as a last resort.
The doctor and the physical instructor are pivotal in making the weight loss plan successful. The need for a physician and a physical instructor (to lose weight) is separately discussed.
Attaining a healthy ideal weight (by losing weight fast) is desired by everyone among the overweight and obese. But still after strictly following all the health rules (to support lose weight, such as physical workout and dietary plan), often it becomes quite hard to lose weight due to the prevalence of some health problems. As such, it is essential to meet the doctor (who will best advise what to do and what not to do under the existing medical conditions).
The underlying medical conditions that prevent one from losing weight are listed below.
It is a condition of low or underactive thyroid. And it is a thyroid disorder in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones. It can invite a lot of symptoms- most remarkable is weight gain (other symptoms include: reduced ability to tolerate cold/ depression/ tiredness/ constipation).
It occurs when the body is exposed to a high level of the hormone cortisol for a long time (cortisol is a steroid hormone). It can result from using medications that cause a high level of cortisol in the body.
It is a hormonal disorder that can cause irregular periods and unwanted hair growth. Necessary treatment procedure includes healthy nutritious foods in addition to physical exercise.
Hormonal changes in women are more common during puberty/pregnancy/menstruation. However, many hormonal changes are caused by external factors (such as stress or hormonal medications)
To effectively implement a weight loss program, one needs to abide by the health rules (about physical exercise at the right time and of the right intensity). Additionally, healthy nutritious diets and medications need to be taken ( as prescribed by the doctor).
Veritably, the right implementation of the weight loss program is the key. In such a case, the role and instruction of a personal trainer also come into play. The part (played by an experienced, qualified trainer) can considerably help achieve weight loss goals in the following ways.
Ignorance and poor execution of exercise rules are prime causes of physical injury (during exercise). A knowledgeable and well experienced personal trainer can help a lot to improve exercise skills and its proper applications (such that risk of injury is minimized and the benefits of weight loss are maximized).
As people grow old (while moving along the age path), it becomes harder to stay motivated towards physical exercise. So availability of help and guidance from the physical trainer can drive one to go on with physical activity (at the right time/ in the right direction and of right intensity depending on age/ gender/ health complications)
The physical trainer is there to remind the time and duration of physical activity (so there can be no excuse to delay or postpone or stop the physical activity on flimsy grounds).
Trainers are professionals who are well versed in making changes in the physical activity as well as the intensity (depending on seasonal variations, availability of time/modifications in health conditions on account of aging, disease or injury).
An expert trainer will show the way about how to derive maximum benefit/ result by utilizing minimum possible time and resources (to reap both the short term and long term goals of physical workouts).
An experienced trainer has a developed network of personal and official relationships with other specialists (nutritionists/ doctors/ surgical specialists). As such, the trainer can instantly refer to the right specialist for any non-exercise health needs.
There are verities of weight loss procedures and options. However, the right choice depends on age/ gender/health problems/ BMI level/ type of profession (for instance, a farmer or laborer employed in a factory/ construction work is in an advantageous position to burn more calories daily than help achieve weight loss goal as compared to a person who is sitting at the desk in the office, and hence has the least opportunity to move).
Additionally, if there is any other health problem (besides obesity), it is wise to talk to the doctor performing a physical workout under a trainer.
Everyone (particularly severely obese persons with BMI= 40 and higher) must lose weight at the fastest possible speed (for instance, to lose 1 pound daily). It is, however, possible to attain such a weight loss goal. But still, safe weight loss is more critical than fast weight loss.
As per the simple health rule, one must burn more calories (than consumed) for weight loss. The larger the calorie deficit (excess of daily calorie burning over daily calorie intake), the faster the speed of weight loss.
Foods and drinks selected should invariably contain fewer calories but more nutrients ( to support losing weight),.
The right foods selected include lima beans/ corn/ asparagus/ black bean/nutritional yeast/ spinach/ hemp seed/ white bean /sun-dried tomato/chickpeas/chia seeds/potato/salmon/almonds /rye berries/ quinoa/buckwheat/ guava.
Additionally, one must follow more health rules (to lose weight fast). After getting up from bed, one must drink lemon juice mixed with water on an empty stomach. It will boost one’s metabolism and speed up weight loss (Metabolism is a biochemical process in our body that allows us to grow/ reproduce/repair the damage to lead an environmentally friendly life ).
Over and above, drinking sufficient water before a meal will support weight loss. (it will make one stay hydrated and feel full and less hungry).
Green tea is another drink that supports lose weight. It is rich in nutrients but weak in calories. Ginger is also a weight-loss supporting food item. It is good to put some ginger in the tea.
Dinner should be light at night (as there is neither physical activity nor domestic or job responsibilities to perform, except going to bed after night meal to have a sweet sleep until the dawn).
The diet plan will not be enough to speed up weight loss without physical activity. A regular exercise of moderate or vigorous intensity (using instruments) is essential. All types of physical activities should be performed early in the morning in the open fresh air.
To make the loose weight faster, it is also essential to add outdoor games in the evening (for about an hour before sunset, such as football/ basketball/ volleyball/cricket/ hockey/ running/swimming, etc.)
Other physical activities of vigorous intensity include: climbing the hill/ high jump/ long jump/ marathon race.
Apart from supporting lose weight fast, physical fitness is also indispensable during an emergency (in time of the outbreak of accidental fire/ cyclone followed by tidal waves in the coastal areas where one needs to run at the highest possible speed to climb to a safe spot lying at a much higher level).
Conclusively, the faster will lose weight if more calorie deficits occur (by burning more calories than consuming. It is possible by the two-pronged attack- eating calorie-poor, but nutrient-rich diets. Secondly, performing the physical activity of vigorous-intensity both in the morning as well as in the evening)
It is an inborn human instinct to gain the most and spend the least (in terms of time/ money/ effort). Home is the sweetest abode where anything and everything can be done with ease and without any binding or restriction.
Some have severe obesity and have the least time to spend on a physical workout. For them, home is the best place to perform physical activity (that involves no cost in terms of conveyance or time, as needed for regularly going to and coming back from the park/ playground/ gymnasium).
Over and above, physical activity at home is not affected by bad inclement weather or heavy rainfall.
Severely obese people (particularly pregnant women) feel shy and embarrassed to get exposed to the public (to perform physical activity with tight exercise dress). For them, home is the best place to play physical action of any type freely and at any time.
Conclusively, many have to regularly look after and take care of their aged parents as well as the small babies. Their presence at home is indispensable. Hence home is the best place to perform physical activity without any tension and anxiety.
Among the 2 Es needed to lead a healthy/ active /disease-free life, one is Exercise (The other is eating healthy foods and drinks). But there is also a 3rd E (Excess). if ‘excess’ occurs, then instead of causing health benefits, it will cause injury and harm to health (for instance, excessive or overeating and over-exercise are harmful, just as an excess of anything is terrible).
Physical exercise should be regular. Before starting a physical activity under a trainer, one needs to consult a doctor (regarding the duration, type, and intensity of the workout. Because the procedure, to a large extent, depends on age/gender/health structure: such as body size /shape/height/weight)/ specific health problem of the person).
Physical activity should be performed early in the morning in the fresh open air (preferably before sunrise). Playground/ amusement park/riverside/sea beach is suitable places to perform physical activities well.
However, during bad inclement weather, physical exercise can easily be performed at home.
The benefits of physical exercises are many. Apart from supporting lose weight, it improves and sustains physical fitness (which is often considered as essential criteria for recruitment in public services: police/army/civil defense).
Further, physical fitness is indispensable to become an efficient, professional athlete (such as boxer /wrestler /runner /swimmer /footballer/ cricketer).
HIIT (High-Intensity Interval Training that consists of repetitive short bursts of activities performed at the high level of intensity)/ weight lifting (it is beneficial to build muscles/burn calories /shed excess fat) / intense boot camp workout (it includes a fairly intense mix of strength training and aerobic elements)/ boxing (it involves total body movement to hit the targeted areas of the rival heavily/speedily/accurately)/ swimming (it is a full-body exercise in which major body muscles are utilized.
The workout is fun to the children/ sport to the young/cure for the obese/ income for the professionals/ hobby to many)/ running (speedy and long-distance running will help attain weight loss within the fastest possible time)/ yoga (it involves a balance and stability to promote mental health and functional strength)/ jump rope exercise (it is not only an exercise to lose weight but also an exciting game to the children).
Conclusively, the more intense the workout is, and the longer the duration of physical exercise is, the faster will be the weight loss goal.
However, since everyone in this world is born with separate parameters (pertaining to environment/ geographical location/ climatic condition/ standard of living /body size/shape/height/ weight/health condition/access to basic human needs such as food, shelter, health, education, etc.), it is, therefore, essential to consult a doctor before starting the workout.
Obesity has become a more significant problem than ever before (especially after the invention/automation/mechanization in the wake of the industrial revolution during the 16th century). This has wholly replaced manual labour and in consequence, totally set aside the health benefits (by causing the least body movement inviting health hazards)
Many feel pleased to lead a quiet, sedentary life. They feel reluctant to perform physical workouts even at home (still after having enough time to spare). In consequence, they invite inevitable health problems (like overweight and obesity and other related health complications at an early age).
More calories can be burned to achieve lose-weight through adequate training and motivation (for the people having no physical workout or activity). Daily performance of home and job responsibilities (properly and healthily will be enough to lose weight fast).
Hobbies should be developed that include physical activity and support weight loss (for instance, playing football, volleyball, basketball, cricket/ running/ swimming/ cycling, preferably in a group with friends or family members. Because partnership will help develop regularity/ punctuality/ interest/ cooperation/ competition, which is essential for good performance).
Conclusively, to attain a weight loss goal (with or without exercise), one must stick to a healthy lifestyle (by consuming healthy foods and drinks of the right amount at the right time and additionally, enjoying a quality sleep free of stress and anxieties).
A plan is a present course of actions well thought and adequately designed (to gain some sustainable benefits in the future). And one of such programs is a ‘healthy dietary plan’ (This can be implemented through choosing the right combination of foods/fruits/ drinks under the doctor’s advice to attain weight loss goal in the future).
A healthy food plan suggests fewer calories, but more nutrients (a calorie is used to measure the energy value of food which the body needs to function — our body stores and burns calories as fuel. And nutrient is a substance used by an organism to grow/ survive/ reproduce. The dietary nutrient is essential for all plants and animals, including human beings).
The weight-loss supporting food list (as per daily schedule) is given below.
A low-calorie diet does not mean mediocre quality food (or foods low in vitamins and nutrients). It is essential to consume foods low in calories, but rich in vitamins and nutrients to support weight loss goals (in addition to leading a disease-free life).
The health benefits of nutrients and vitamins are many, including the prevention and treatment of various diseases.
Calories are units of energies contained in various types of foods (protein/carb/ fat). It is a biological process in humans to burn calories to remain healthy and fit.
When one takes more calories than needed, then excess calories boost up obesity. And as such, it becomes essential to shed excess body weight to keep the body fit. One of the ways (to keep the body fit through weight loss) is to consume a very low-calorie diet. The list containing a few low-calorie foods is described below.
|Food grain list||Calorie content|
|Bulgur ( rich in fiber and made from whole grain wheat)||76 Calories (per ½ cup cooked)|
|Teff (rich in fiber/magnesium/calcium/phosphorous)||128 Calories (per ½ cup)|
|Noodles||113 Calories (per cup cooked)|
|Wheat bran(rich in nutrients and manganese)||31 Calories (per 1/4 cup)|
|Popcorn (satisfies hunger with fewer calories)||31 Calories (per cup)|
|Plain rice cake||35 Calories (per cake)|
|Meat (Turkey breast)||72 Calories (per 3 ounces)|
|Meat (Turkey leg)||91 Calories (per 3 ounces)|
|Meat (chicken breast. Rich in protein)||92 Calories (per 3 ounces)|
|Liquid egg white (rich in amino acid)||25 Calories (per 3 tablespoons)|
|Skim milk(rich in calcium/phosphorous/Vit. D)||83 Calories (per cup)|
|Plain nonfat yogurt (rich in probiotics)||137 Calories (per cup)|
|Vegetable list||Calorie content|
|Watercress (antioxidant and rich in nutrients)||4 Calories (per cup)|
|Argula (rich in Vit. K)||5 Calories (per cup)|
|Celery (rich in nutrients and Vit. K)||6 Calories (per stalk)|
|Bok choy (rich in Vit. A and C)||9 Calories (per 5 leaves)|
|Radish (rich in nutrients and Vit. C)||17 Calories (per cup)|
|Zucchini (rich in potassium, magnesium, Vit. A, Vit. B6)||31 Calories (per medium size)|
|Cucumber (water content 95% that keeps one hydrated).||22 Calories (per ½ cucumber)|
|Fruit list||Calorie content|
|Plum (it is antioxidant)||30 Calories (per plum)|
|Grapefruit (rich in Vit- C)||37 Calories (per ½ grapefruit)|
|Strawberries (rich in Vit- C)||49 Calories (per cup)|
|Honeydew melon (rich in potassium and Vit- C)||61 Calories (per cup)|
|Blackberries (rich in fiber)||62 Calories (per cup)|
Many are suffering from severe obesity and risking serious health complications (such as high blood pressure/diabetes/ heart disease, etc.). Additionally, they are reluctant (or have no time to spend) in a physical workout. Over and above, they don’t bother to follow a healthy lifestyle.
For such obese people (with a sedentary lifestyle), medical researchers have come up with a new invention “ ACV“(Apple Cedar Vinegar). This is an appetite suppressor and as such, plays a crucial role to support weight loss (through shedding excess body fat).
Additionally, one needs to enjoy quality sleep (for about 8 hours). Because quality sleep is essential to keep the body fit and energetic, it is also necessary to drink a glass of pure water well before every meal. It will help one to stay hydrated, feel full, and less hungry to attain weight loss.
For those three basic needs are essential, three basic needs are indispensable. Water is one of them (the other two are: air and food)
Billions of cells in the human body feed on water. The water content in human organs is plenty (water content is 73% in brain and heart/ 83% in lungs/ 80% in kidney/ 92% in blood). Therefore, water plays a key role in the function of all human organs.
Veritably, all essential elements in the human body should lie within safe, normal limits (for proper and efficient function of the human organs). When the safe limit is exceeded in the case of water content in the human body, then inevitably, the disease Edema occurs (excessive water). It then becomes a medical emergency to reduce water weight (through suitable physical workouts/ dietary control/ medications).
Overweight and obesity occur due to excess water (in addition to excess fats/fluids deposited in the body).
Symptoms include excessive fluids getting trapped into the body tissues resulting in the swelling of different parts of the body – such as hands/feet/ankles/legs.
Causes of water weight include:
Women also experience water weight during the menstrual cycle and during or before pregnancy.
Among other causes, medications (such as steroids/ birth control pills /blood pressure drugs/ antidepressants) may also result in water weight.
Possible health complications (in the wake of water weight) include: breathing problems (due to building up of fluids in the lungs or abdomen) and chest pain attended with discomforts.
A sound quality sleep is needed to regulate sodium and water balance. When one sleeps, the toxins in the brain are flushed out. For an adult, sleeping for 7- 9 hours is essential.
A quiet, sedentary life is the safest door for most of the fatalities to enter mightily (particularly in old age). So, to remain active/fit/disease-free/ healthy, regular physical activity is indispensable.
Physical activity ensures sound sleep, increases sweating and as such, releases excess body water. During exercise, the body also shifts plenty of water into the muscles (which reduces water staying outside the cells). For flushing out excess water, a morning walk is the most suitable exercise.
Veritably, sodium is an essential mineral for human health. An adult with good health needs to consume daily one teaspoonful of salt.
But those having excess water weight (in addition to high blood pressure), should consume the least salt, preferably a salt-free diet. On the contrary, they should drink more magnesium (Magnesium is also essential for the proper function of the nervous and cardiovascular systems. Good sources of magnesium are: nuts/ whole grain/ leafy green vegetables).
Additionally, They need to consume mere vitamins/minerals/nutrients (to fight excessive water weight). These include potassium/ Vitamin B-6 /Electrolyte. (Potassium is an essential nutrient to reduce water retention in women having pre-menstrual symptoms. It regulates fluids and mineral balance. Potassium-rich foods include bananas/tomatoes.
Vitamin B-6 is essential to reduce water retention. Foods rich in vitamin- B-6 include banana/ potato/ walnut.
The electrolyte is an essential mineral to maintain water balance. The too low or too high electrolyte may lead to an unhealthy shift in fluid balance, which is dangerous. Foods having electrolytes include green leafy vegetables/ watercress).
Tea/ coffee (1-2 cups daily) may be taken to reduce water weight. However, pure plain water is the best of all the drinks which should be made, especially after a physical workout. At the same time, soft drinks, as well as alcohol, should be stopped.
Some water pills are also prescribed for the treatment of water retention (in addition to foods and drinks). They work by activating the kidneys to flush out excess water.
Additionally, water pills prevent fluid build-up and reduce swelling. However, it is safe to consult a doctor before medication. (Because, excessive medication, far from mitigating, may aggravate the problem).
Simple dietary changes and exercise may not be enough to support an overall weight loss plan. Additionally, biologically based treatment may be needed.
Commonly prescribed weight loss medications include: Oristat (Xenical)/ Lorcaserin (Beluq)/ Phantermine /Topiramate /Qsymia/ Bupiroprion/ Naltrexone (Contrave) / Liraglutide (Saxenda).
Conclusively, close medical monitoring is needed while following prescriptions about weight loss medications. Most medications are used for suppressing appetite.
For effective weight loss, surgery is the only option when medication fails. In a restrictive surgical method, a surgeon uses a variety of techniques (to reduce the stomach size). After the restrictive surgery is performed, the patient will feel, as if the stomach is full and hence will eat less.
There are three types of restrictive surgery applied to lose weight.
It is a surgical procedure to support lose-weight. The surgeon places a band around the upper part of the stomach (to create a small pouch or small bag to hold food).
The band limits the amount of food taken by the patient (such that even after taking a small amount of food, the patient feels full).
The procedure is also known as stomach stapling. It is a form of Bariatric surgery (The surgery includes a variety of procedures performed in people who have obesity. Weight loss is attained by reducing the stomach size with a gastric band/ or through the removal of a portion of stomach/ or by resecting / or by rerouting the small intestine to a small intestine pouch)
It is a surgical weight-loss procedure in which the stomach is reduced by about 15% of its original size. The surgical removal of a significant portion of the stomach is performed along with greater curvature. The result is a sleeve or tube-like structure.
Conclusively, one will qualify for medical need only under the following conditions:
Male obesity is a problem worldwide as globally, 70.8% among men are now obese, Men need physical fitness more (as compared to women) in order to perform the job responsibilities with more considerable skill and strength ( physical fitness with a beautiful proportionate body is considered essential for men in the jobs: army/ police /firefighter.
Additionally, physical fitness for men is considered indispensable in the case of the professional boxer/wrestler/ runner/swimmer/footballer/cricketer, etc.).
Causes of male, overweight, and obesity include: inherited obesity since birth/ obesity attained through maintaining an idle sedentary lifestyle ( In terms of consuming unhealthy foods and drinks in addition to lack of physical activity).
The remedial measure to fight obesity in men includes, as usual, consuming healthy nutritious foods in addition to regular physical activity.
Over and above, it is essential always to remain free of stress and anxiety to maintain a healthy weight and disease-free life. (In this connection it may be mentioned that one person commits suicide every 40 seconds somewhere in the world most of whom are men.
The sad sliding occurs mainly due to tension and frustration resulting from business collapse/ maladjustment with business partners, office bosses, and family members according to the Report of the World Health Organization).
Various research studies reveal the fact that so far as the problem of overweight and obesity is concerned, women feel and face more social pressure than men (to look smart/ lovely/ lively through possessing an ideal weight and nice shaped body).
It is observed that the more a woman gets wealthy and educated, the more cautious and conscious she becomes to prevent her weight gain.
The cause of excess body weight in women is the same as that prevailing in the case of men.
Reasons include: inborn obesity/unhealthy sedentary lifestyle having the least interest in physical activity, but more attraction for unhealthy foods and drinks.
The perk and pride of consuming unhealthy fast foods and beverages in the expensive restaurants outside (rather than eating healthy nutritious homemade foods) put them into an unsanitary condition. This inevitably invites the curse of overweight and obesity. And it runs counter to what the womenfolk in fact desire (about their health and beauty)
Remedial measures to fight obesity in women include as usual: Consuming a balanced diet with healthy foods and drinks. You are taking regular physical activity to burn calories to support weight loss.
The workout will significantly help if performed in a group in the morning (well before one becomes absorbed with the daily job and home responsibilities, more importantly, in nursing and feeding the baby).
Group exercise is essential to create interest /joy/ enthusiasm/regularity/ punctuality.
Overweight and obese is both a psychic as well as a health problem to everybody irrespective of men or women.
Women (particularly pregnant women having obesity) feel more embarrassed and frustrated while attending a social get-together. Moreover, excess body weight may invite health complications (both for the expectant mother and the incoming baby).
Veritably, pregnancy is a period of joy/pride/expectation/excitement as the pregnant woman eagerly awaits and strongly desires the arrival of a baby with a healthy weight.
So as compared to men as well as other women, a pregnant woman needs to be more alert about the evil effects of obesity (that may be harmful both for the expectant mother as well as the unborn baby).
6.2) Causes of obesity are mostly the same irrespective of male or female/married or unmarried/ pregnant or non-pregnant women.
6.3) As regards the remedial measure, the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologistsstressed on the general benefits of exercises (to improve mood/ posture/ quality of sleep/ ability to cope with the labor needed to perform daily domestic responsibilities in addition to losing excess weight).
For weight loss during pregnancy, most among the experts recommend the following workouts:
Among the pregnant women (who feel reluctant to take physical exercise) they can well utilize their common hobbies in a group. These are physical workouts in disguise. The hobbies include: visiting a place of historical interest
Occasionally visiting the annual export fair. These hobbies involve strenuous walk that supports weight loss (in addition to strengthening the lower part of the body).
At every stage of the pregnancy path, the pregnant woman needs to consult a physician before starting a physical workout for weight loss.
Slight weight gain during pregnancy is quite reasonable as the pregnant woman has to bear the weight of 2 bodies (herself and the growing baby)
How much influence the pregnant woman is gaining, should be recorded weekly or monthly that needs to be brought to the notice of the doctor (who can best guide whether weight loss through physical exercise and dietary control is applicable).
If anyone having obese desires to get pregnant, then it is essential to consult the doctor beforehand.
Ways to lose weight according to different ages were highlighted
With aging (60 years and over), people, in general, become less active and more obese. All health complications, including obesity, arrive mightily in old age. Veritably, aging is a significant risk factor for developing any malignant disease. But still, older adults can easily lead a healthy and disease-free life by remaining alert. Therefore needs to emphasize the quality of food (rather than quantity) & highlight nutrition (rather than calorie intake).
With aging, hormonal changes occur, and lifestyle becomes slow and less active. This condition increases the risk of obesity. Over and above, the amount of muscle in the body tends to decrease.
Additionally, lower muscle mass causes a decrease in metabolism. A person with slow or low metabolism will burn fewer calories causing old age obesity. Hence, older adults need to consume less or restricted calories to avoid the risk of obesity.
For weight loss, older people, as usual, need to put a restriction on daily calorie intake (in the case of older people, the daily calorie limit is 2000 for men and 1600 for women).
Also, they need to consume healthy, nutritious foods/ fruits/ drinks and perform regular physical activity.
Regarding foods, old obese people should consume more magnesium. This will help regulate blood sugar and insulin level.
Secondly, sunbath will support weight loss of the older adults (who in general, have the least physical fitness to move fast and take intense physical activity).
It is evident that during exposure to the sun, some amount of calories are burnt off (both by the natural process of metabolism as well as sweating during sun exposure).
Teens range between the ages (13 - 19 years). They are so-called as their age number ends with teen (thirteen to nineteen). They are neither children (12 years and below) nor youths (20 years and above). The teens belong to a unique period full of Es (Energy/ Effort/ Eagerness/ Expectation/ Enthusiasm/ Excitement/ Erotic emotion/ Enjoyment/ Exultation / Earnest endeavor to earn academic and extra-academic excellence).
There are many among the teens, especially the teenage girls, who are hyperaware about the unwanted gain in the body fats blemishing their structural and facial beauty.
The reasons behind teen obesity are many. Some are born obese. Some become obese later on (because of sticking to an unhealthy lifestyle by regularly and enthusiastically eating unhealthy foods and drinks with friends. The teens feel pleased to eat outside in the school cafeteria or nearby food stalls. And none among the parents or teachers are there to look into what they are eating and drinking).
If teen obesity (on account of consuming unhealthy salty foods/ sugary drinks), goes on unchecked, then inevitable health complications (such as high blood pressure/ cardiovascular diseases/sleep apnea/ diabetes) mightily arrive one after another. This may invite early death over time.
According to the report by the adolescence and obesity experts (the University of Minnesota), obese teens usually, suffer from mental agony and inferiority complex. Because they are perceived as lazy, inactive, unimpressive by society.
Over and above, the obese teens fall prey to bullying/teasing/verbal abuse/social isolation/pulling the face/ hatred cast by the schoolmates. More sadly, obese teens are called bad and ridiculous names by their class and schoolmates.
As a remedial measure, the parents must accompany their teen siblings in every activity concerning health development at home (such as physical activity early in the morning much before school starts, to allow sufficient time for bath/breakfast/preparing school lessons).
Additionally, the parents should accompany their teens to the dining table (to build up the habit of consuming healthy foods/fruits/drinks at the right time and of the right amount).
As regards physical activity, school can play a better role than home. Physical training may be compulsory for teenaged students as seemingly, almost every school has a physical instructor as well as a playground.
As per customs prevailing in most societies, the term baby is used to denote a human from birth until 1 or 2 years. Other synonyms for baby are infant/ child etc. Again, babies are called toddlers until and unless they learn to walk having the right balance (3 years and below).
Whatsoever, the definition of the babies varies from time to time/ region to region/society to society?
Some children are born obese. Again some become obese later on due to a sedentary lifestyle. They find pleasure in eating whatever and whenever they get without following the health rules (either due to ignorance or lack of control by the parents over their children about what/how much/how long/where /with whom they are eating and drinking).
Additional causes include: unhealthy and expiry date- over foods and drinks purchased from the market/ superstitious belief that ‘a fatty baby means a healthy baby’/ pregnant mother having gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is a condition during pregnancy when the blood sugar of the pregnant mother rises to a high level without having any diabetes. In consequence, it may result in the birth of a baby significantly more significant than the average size. In such a condition a baby weighs more than 4 kg. Such newborn obese are termed Macrosomia.
Usually, the new obese fall prey to various health complications in the later stage of life.
To successfully lose weight (to attain a healthy and ideal weight), it is not desirable to reach fat loss in one particular part of the body. Cutting down overall body fat can help achieve a healthy weight loss goal.
The face is the most visible and conspicuous part of the human body, which no one can hide or change.
By merely observing the face, one can easily recognize and identify a person/ read one’s mind /assess and evaluate beauty, smartness, impression, and more importantly, faith and reliability.
When two parsons meet/ greet/ speak, they at first look at each other’s faces.
The facial skeleton forms the foundation/ size/ shape of the face and supports the overlying face tissues. The muscle layers living in the front are used for different expressions, such as:
The facial fat that fills up the overlying envelope of the skin lies above the facial muscles.
The facial fats and the muscles are the key for the face to look young/ smart/ impressive (and conversely, look old/ guilty/ tout, etc.).
People having overweight and obesity, they can lose body weight by starting from the face.
Usually, excess body fat disappears first from the face.
Several research studies reveal the fact that (compared to males), females mostly come to the doctor with a complaint of the chubby face (overloaded with extra fat) as the females are more beauty conscious. Veritably, a fatty/ flabby face is the least desired (as compared to other parts of the body loaded with excess fat).
Causes of excess face fat include water retention/ food allergy.
Measures to lose face fat include: taking healthy nutritious foods, fruits, drinks of the right amount and at a proper time/ having a quality sleep without any interruption/ Facial exercises
Conclusively, losing face fat (besides supporting weight loss goal), will gift an additional bonus ( in terms of attractive facial appearance/ slim cheek/ cute and youthful look).
The arm lies between the shoulder joint and elbow point containing four muscles (biceps brachia/brachialis/ triceps brachia/ coracobrachialis).
The arm fat (or arm obesity) is the excess fat deposit in the upper arm.
When the arm is raised to point out something or somebody (the fatty/ flabby/ undulating mass beneath the hand is found jigging).
Excess arm fat dampens the overall body strength in general and muscular strength in particular.
From time immemorial a robust fatless arm has been considered the most effective natural weapon for self-defense (against the attack by insane humans or ferocious animals)
The need to shed arm fat arises from the indispensability of muscular strength during an emergency, such as:
Reasons behind the development of arm fat are mostly the same (as those that cause excess fat in other areas of the body in particular and the whole body in general.
The essential causes behind arm fat include:
Aging and sedentary lifestyle (having the least interest in physical activity, but the irresistible temptation for consuming unhealthy foods and drinks outside)
Healthy diet: Consuming fresh green vegetables / healthy fruits (having fewer calories, but more nutrients)/ small fish/ chicken breast (instead of calorie-dense red meat) will significantly help lose arm fat. It is also important to drink pure water (rather than unhealthy sugary beverages) to stay well hydrated.
Physical activity: Among the physical exercises that are important to lose arm fat include:
A compared to males, females in general (having fatty and flabby buttocks) feel more hesitant and embarrassed to go out and move. Hence, losing fat from the buttock is an essential and common fitness goal for everybody, particularly women.
There are three major muscles in the buttock
Causes of buttock fat are mostly the same (as those leading to fat in other parts of the body) that mainly include:
Running: Running is better than walking. That is an excellent exercise for full body weight loss (in addition to losing excess buttock fat).
Shedding overall body fat by running can also tone up the buttock muscles (that can add an excellent attractive shape to the body in general and buttock in particular). Running also benefits the heart and lungs healthy.
According to a study in 2012, people of average fitness (while crossing a distance of 1600 meters) burned 471.03 calories by running (as compared to only 372.54 calories burned by walking the same length).
Conclusively, for the people unable to run (on account of aging or any health problem), it is essential at least to walk to burn a few calories (needed to lose excess fat whether lying in the buttock or any other part of the body). Because, if the best is not attainable, then it is better to accept the second best.
Climbing the stairs (instead of using elevators or escalators) helps to lose weight(particularly in the buttocks).
Recent studies reveal the fact that climbing stairs (at speed 90 steps per minute / 2 minutes each time /5 times a day/five days a week) can give excellent results about losing buttock fat
It is a full-body exercise that burns a lot of calories. Rock climbing burns two times as many calories (as hiking or stair climbing burn)
Hiking provides benefits by burning a considerable amount of calories. ( similar to stair climbing). It is an excellent workout to attain a slimmer buttock.
The workout consists of a series of exercises (repeated in short bursts and completed at a high level of intensity).
Minimum 4 minutes HIIT can make the buttocks of desired shape/ size/ fitness.
As a part of HIIT, it is essential to perform the following single move exercises targeting loss of buttock fat.
Each workout needs to continue for 30 seconds (with 10 seconds rest before starting the next workout)
Conclusively, HIIT involves maximum effort for a short period in one specific activity (After that it is followed by a more extended period workout with a slower pace).
The belly is the last terminal (one will lose weight from).
Belly fat is so easy to get (but too hard to get rid of it).
And Belly or abdominal fat can be divided into two categories:
Fat buried deep into the abdomen is called visceral fat. And the fact that is located between the abdominal wall and the skin is called subcutaneous fat.
Visceral fat is located so close to the body vein in the abdomen that it carries fatty acids to the liver. Visceral fat can increase the amount of bad cholesterol LDL (i.e.’ Low-Density Lipoprotein’. LDL is harmful to heart health. By physical exertion, the intuitive fat growth in the body can be reduced)
Causes of the belly or abdominal fat are many as stated below.
Belly fat loss diets such as ginger/berries/legumes need to be included. At the same time, unhealthy fast foods and beverages outside need to be excluded from the food menu.
More importantly, a high-intensity physical workout is indispensable to reduce belly fat. Also, an excellent quality sleep free of stress and anxiety will significantly help to reduce belly fat.
Some research studies reveal the fact that among Americans, many are found to succeed in losing some weight. But the long-term results are overwhelmingly poor.
Still, after a regular physical workout and healthy dietary habits followed at home, it has become a social obligation for some people to attend invitation party only to invite health troubles (where the participants can hardly check the temptation of gulping down the flavoured rich dishes/ junk foods/tasty desserts/ alcohol, etc.).
In some cases, people are found to overeat subconsciously, and also, they never count what/ how much/ how long they are eating as they remain busy gossiping with the near and dear ones at the dining table.
Additionally, In some societies, consumption of expensive but unhealthy foods and drinks becomes a regular custom and a matter of perk and pride with the belief- whatever and whenever I get, I must eat.
A few of them who can prevent this sabotaging fashion and custom and modify and refine their ugly traditional practice can much succeed in implementing their weight loss goal and improve behavioural skills to a significant extent.
There are a lot of reasons behind weight decline- which are unwanted, and some of them are based on medical grounds and some others are non-medical.
Often, a combination of many medical and non-medical causes can result in continuous and inadvertent weight decline.
The global obesity epidemic continues to rise sky-high as evident from the fact that about 30% of people worldwide are obese or overweight (according to data of 2018).
In the USA, the adult obesity rate (in 2018) was found higher in the case of adult women (35.5% among women were obese as compared to 32.2% among men who were found overweight)
The prevalence of obesity among US adults significantly increased (over the period 2008- 2012).
So far as the prevalence of ideal and healthy weight is concerned, Switzerland ranks in the top position having an average life expectancy of 80.6 years(followed by Japan).
Since overweight and obesity is a global problem (including the developed nation like the USA), so an attempt has been made to select and provide a few questions (with answers) which are most common and relevant about weight loss effort.
Muscle is thicker than fat, and so, it occupies less space. The implication is that if one gains muscle, the scale weight may go up (even though the body is slimming down for a fat loss, but for muscle gain overall weight may not decline).
Like a magic stick, a quick instantaneous weight loss result cannot be expected by following wealth loss health rules. Weight loss results to be effective, sustainable, and long-lasting (such that after initial weight loss, weight should not be regained afterwards) at least a month is needed to wait and see the result. So how much weight loss occurs (per day or per week) matters little. What matters most is that losing weight should be safe, lasting, and sustainable. Over and above, how fast one will lose weight depends on age, gender (for instance, pregnancy complication in the case of women), the intensity of the physical workout, stress, and genetic factors.
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