Health Speech

Please wait...

Welcome to Health Speech

What Are Some Common Complications During Pregnancy

What Are Some Common Complications During Pregnancy

Table of content

Pregnancy complications is a disease that affects a person’s health. Thus, it is important to get regular check-ups and attend every appointment, test, and so on so that doctors can identify abnormalities during pregnancy. Early detection and prompt treatment are the most important because they can eliminate pregnancy problems or complications at that stage. In this article, we will discuss some common complications during pregnancy.

What Are Some Common Complications During Pregnancy

Below we are going to discuss some of the common complications, such as depression, gastritis during pregnancy. 

1) Pre-eclampsia:

What is Pre-eclampsia?

Pre-eclampsia is a pregnancy complication characterized by high blood pressure (hypertension) and organ damage, typically the liver and kidneys.

Risk factors:

  1. First-time pregnancies
  2. History of pre-eclampsia in previous pregnancies
  3. Family history of pre-eclampsia
  4. Age (being younger than 20 or older than 40)
  5. Obesity or overweight
  6. Multiple pregnancies (e.g., twins or triplets)
  7. Chronic conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, or kidney disease
  8. Certain autoimmune disorders

Signs and symptoms:

  1. High blood pressure (hypertension)
  2. Presence of protein in the urine (proteinuria)
  3. Swelling, particularly in the hands, face, and feet (edema)
  4. Severe headaches
  5. Vision problems, such as blurred vision or light sensitivity
  6. Upper abdominal pain, usually under the ribs on the right side
  7. Nausea or vomiting
  8. Decreased urine output

Potential complications for mother and baby:

  1. Maternal complications:
    1. Seizures (eclampsia)
    2. Stroke
    3. Organ damage, including liver or kidney failure
    4. Placental abruption (premature separation of the placenta from the uterus)
    5. HELLP syndrome (a severe form of pre-eclampsia involving liver dysfunction, low platelet count, and hemolysis)
    6. Increased risk of cardiovascular disease in the future
  2. Fetal and neonatal complications:
    1. Restricted fetal growth
    2. Premature birth
    3. Placental insufficiency
    4. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR)
    5. Stillbirth

Medical management and preventive measures:

  1. Regular prenatal care and monitoring of blood pressure and urine protein levels
  2. Lifestyle modifications: 
    1. Adequate rest and sleep
    2. Low-sodium diet
    3. Regular physical activity as advised by the healthcare provider
  3. Medications:
    1. Antihypertensive drugs to manage high blood pressure
    2. Anti-seizure medications for seizure prevention (in severe cases)
  4. Hospitalization for closer monitoring and management in severe cases
  5. Delivery of the baby, usually by induction or cesarean section, depending on the severity and gestational age
  6. Prevention measures:
    1. Early detection and management of chronic conditions before pregnancy
    2. Regular prenatal visits to monitor blood pressure and urine protein levels
    3. Taking low-dose aspirin, as recommended by the healthcare provider, for high-risk individuals

Note: It is crucial for individuals experiencing any signs or symptoms of pre-eclampsia to seek immediate medical attention for proper evaluation and management.

2) Preterm labor

What is Preterm labor?

Preterm labor refers to the onset of regular contractions and cervical changes leading to delivery before the completion of 37 weeks of pregnancy.

Risk factors:

  1. Previous preterm birth
  2. Multiple pregnancies (e.g., twins or triplets)
  3. Short cervix
  4. Uterine or cervical abnormalities
  5. Infection in the uterus or urinary tract
  6. Chronic conditions such as high blood pressure or diabetes
  7. Substance abuse or smoking during pregnancy
  8. Stressful life events
  9. Lack of prenatal care
  10. Certain pregnancy complications, such as pre-eclampsia or placental problems

Signs and symptoms:

  1. Regular contractions (more than four in an hour)
  2. Menstrual-like cramps
  3. Low, dull backache
  4. Pelvic pressure or heaviness
  5. Abdominal cramping or tightening
  6. Vaginal bleeding or spotting
  7. Changes in vaginal discharge (increase in quantity or watery consistency)
  8. Rupture of membranes (water breaking)

Potential complications for the baby:

  1. Respiratory distress syndrome (immature lungs)
  2. Infections, including sepsis
  3. Intraventricular hemorrhage (bleeding in the brain)
  4. Developmental delays or disabilities
  5. Low birth weight
  6. Difficulty regulating body temperature
  7. Feeding difficulties
  8. Increased risk of long-term health issues

Treatment options and preventive measures:

  1. Treatment options:
    1. Administration of corticosteroids to promote fetal lung maturation
    2. Tocolytic medications to temporarily stop contractions and delay delivery
    3. Antibiotics if there is an infection present
    4. Bed rest or modified activity level
    5. Cervical cerclage (a stitch to hold the cervix closed) in some cases
  2. Preventive measures:
    1. Regular prenatal care and monitoring
    2. Addressing and managing risk factors, such as chronic conditions or infections
    3. Education and awareness about preterm labor signs and symptoms
    4. Avoiding substance abuse and smoking during pregnancy
    5. Stress management techniques
    6. Adequate nutrition and hydration
    7. Avoiding unnecessary medical interventions that may increase the risk of preterm labor

Note: Prompt medical attention is essential if any signs or symptoms of preterm labor occur to assess the situation and provide appropriate care to prevent premature birth.

3) Anemia   

Anemia is one of the major concerns during pregnancy. It happens when the number of red blood cells is lower than average. 

People with anemia sometimes feel weak and tired. On the other hand, it is all about iron deficiency during pregnancy, which is why your health requires more iron to increase the number of red blood cells.

If it is possible to treat the underlying cause of anemia, it can help restore the number of red blood cells. You can also take iron supplements as food or pills; it helps prevent anemia and manage this disease.

4) Anxiety

Anxiety disorder is one of the most common complications during post-pregnancy and during pregnancy. On the other hand, if you have an anxiety disorder at that time, you might struggle with uncontrollable fear, anxiety, nervousness, worry, and so many others. 

Not only that, but they can also interfere in daily activities, relationships, and so on. Anxiety disorders generally occur with depression. 

Thus, getting treatment for anxiety before, during, and after is important to keep your mental health good. If you think you have an anxiety disorder, you can talk with your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Moreover, per Dr. Jonathon Slaughter's suggestion, if a would-be mom suffers from anxiety or depression, then eight monthly medical check-ups are mandatory and advisable during pregnancy.

5) Depression   

Everyone feels sad sometimes, but if it passes for a few days, it is called depression. Depression interferes with our daily life and might last for weeks or even days. Some people suffer from depression before, during, and after pregnancy. There are multiple symptoms of depression, such as: 

  • It is a lasting sad, anxious, and empty mood
  • It makes you feel hopeless and pessimism.
  • It makes you feel less energetic.
  • Depression sometimes won’t allow you to eat, and sometimes you would eat a lot to have depression.
  • Another symptom of depression is it makes you feel restlessness and irritability.
  • It makes you face problems concentrating, making decisions, and recalling details. 
  • It also makes you feel guilt, helplessness, and worthlessness.
  • You will often have the desiredness of suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts.

6) Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects your body and turns food into energy. There are three types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Generally, for pregnant people, type 1 or even type 2 diabetes occurs around conception and increases the risk factors of birth defects, preterm birth, and so on.

People with any type of diabetes during pregnancy can increase the risk of preeclampsia. Thus, managing diabetes is one of the most important things, so doctor consultation is crucial. Managing diabetes can help you give birth healthily. 

According to  Dr Azeez Farooqui, more than 25 million people in the United States are suffering from diabetes, and nearly 27% of them are young adults. That is why during pregnancy, blood sugar level control is essential. In this case, you can consult your doctor about whether you need to take any insulin pills to control blood sugar levels. 

If you have diabetes before pregnancy or if it develops during pregnancy, you must see doctors continuously, which helps monitor your blood sugar level and overall health.

How To Prevent Pregnancy Complications  

Many pregnancy complications are out of control, and at the same time, several pregnancy complications are easier to handle. Below going to discuss several ways of preventing pregnancy complications.

A. Prenatal care and regular check-ups:

Importance of prenatal care:

  1. Regular prenatal care is vital in identifying and managing potential complications during pregnancy.
  2. Healthcare providers monitor the health of both the mother and the baby, ensuring early detection and intervention.

Recommended schedule:

  1. Initial visit: Ideally, in the first trimester, around 8-10 weeks of pregnancy.
  2. Follow-up visits: Typically scheduled once a month until the 28th week, then every two weeks until the 36th week, and weekly after that until delivery.

Components of prenatal care:

  1. Physical examinations, including blood pressure measurement, weight monitoring, and abdominal palpation.
  2. Ultrasounds and other diagnostic tests to assess fetal development and identify potential issues.
  3. Screening tests for gestational diabetes, genetic conditions, and other pregnancy-related complications.
  4. Discussions about nutrition, exercise, and overall well-being.
  5. Addressing any concerns or questions, the mother may have.

B. Healthy lifestyle choices:

Importance of a healthy lifestyle:

  1. Engaging in healthy habits promotes the well-being of both the mother and the baby.
  2. It reduces the risk of complications and supports optimal fetal development.

Recommended practices:

  1. Eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains.
  2. As the healthcare provider advises, staying physically active with exercises is suitable for pregnancy.
  3. Avoiding tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs, as they can harm the baby's development.
  4. Getting adequate rest and sleep to support the body's needs during pregnancy.
  5. Managing stress through relaxation techniques, mindfulness, or seeking support from loved ones.

C. Recognizing warning signs and seeking prompt medical attention

Educating oneself about potential complications and their warning signs:

  1. Understanding common symptoms that may indicate a problem.
  2. Examples include severe abdominal pain, persistent headaches, sudden swelling, excessive vaginal bleeding, or reduced fetal movement.

Importance of timely action:

  1. If any concerning symptoms arise, it is crucial to contact the healthcare provider immediately.
  2. Prompt medical attention allows for timely evaluation, diagnosis, and appropriate management of complications, reducing potential risks.

D. Communication with a healthcare provider

Establishing open and effective communication:

  1. Building a trusting relationship with the healthcare provider throughout pregnancy.
  2. Sharing any concerns, questions, or changes in symptoms or well-being.

Active participation in decision-making:

  1. Engaging in discussions about available options, treatment plans, and interventions.
  2. Seeking clarification and understanding about recommended tests or procedures.

Adhering to recommended guidelines and instructions provided by the healthcare provider.

E. Supportive measures and resources for emotional well-being:

Emotional support during pregnancy:

  1. Pregnancy can bring about various emotional changes and challenges.
  2. Seeking support from partners, family, friends, or support groups can help alleviate stress and anxiety.

Accessing additional resources:

  1. Exploring educational materials, books, websites, or reputable online communities for reliable information.
  2. Utilizing counseling or mental health services if needed.
  3. Attending prenatal classes or workshops to gain knowledge and connect with other expectant parents.

Note: Following these preventive measures and actively participating in managing complications during pregnancy can significantly contribute to a healthier and safer 

In Conclusion

We have discussed some of the common complications during pregnancy above in this article. After estimating the facts, it has been seen that several chronic health conditions like diabetes and hypertension before pregnancy are at an increased number. 

If you have a chronic health condition during pregnancy, then you can schedule a pre-pregnancy visit which helps you to determine what initiatives you should take before conception. 

Thank you for reading till the end.

Was this helpful?
Sorry about that

How can we improve it?


The content provided on is intended for informational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. The information on this website is written by our team of doctors, who strive to provide accurate and up-to-date information.

However, it is important to note that medical knowledge is constantly evolving, and new research may emerge that could affect the accuracy of the content. Therefore, we cannot guarantee the completeness, timeliness, or accuracy of the information presented on this website.

Any reliance you place on the information provided on is strictly at your own risk. We recommend consulting a qualified healthcare professional before making any medical decisions or starting any treatment regimen. may also contain affiliate links to products on This means that we may earn a commission if you make a purchase through these links. However, please be assured that this does not influence the content we provide. We only promote products that we believe are of high quality and relevant to our audience.

Please note that the information and opinions expressed on are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of any affiliated organizations or institutions.

By using, you acknowledge and agree to the above disclaimer. If you have any specific medical concerns or questions, we recommend consulting a healthcare professional.